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Roncesvalles
Roncesvalles
 

THE ARTISTIC PATRIMONY OF THE VALLEY

[See map of the area]  

"Pilgrim' s Monument", Oteiza, in Luzaide-Valcarlos.

Camino de Ultrapuertos

In the eastern side of the Pirineo Navarro, we find Orreaga-Roncesvalles, Auritz-Burguete and Luzaide-Valcarlos.

  • Valcarlos-Luzaide is the last town of this side of the Pyrenean before we go into France. It is located just in the borderland. Its more important treasures are: "Parroquia de Santiago Apóstol", "Ermita de Santa María Magdalena" and "puente internacional de piedra". It is also very important Jorge Oteiza's sculpture, "Pilgrim' s Monument".

     

Image of the church in Auritz-Burguete.

  • Auritz-Burguete is small town composed by a street. It was created for the transit of Jacobean pilgrims who were passing through, around the year 1124. Although it was razed to the ground by the French army in 1794, still has its medieval romanesque bridge.

Medieval bridge in Aribe.

Aezkoa Valley

The Aezkoa Valley is located in the south east of Orreaga- Roncesvalles and it is made up by nine towns that are inside the triangle, which is made up of Garralda, Orbaizeta and Abaurregaina- Abaurrea Alta. All of them have Gothic and Romanesque works and also "hórreos pirenáicos", declared as cultural interest in 1993.

  • Garralda, the westernmost of all the city centres of the Aezkoa Valley. It was reconstructed after the terrible fire that destroyed it in 1898. It is important to show off the Renaissance timber transept, which was replacing the medieval stone cross razed to the ground in 1794 and also the "hórreo Masamigelena". 

  • Aribe, headquarters of the General Junta, it has a Pyrenean "hórreo" ("Domench") There is also a medieval bridge which crosses the Irati river.

     

One of the Pyrenean hórreos in Aria.

  • Aria where is also possible to find four "hórreos" ("Apata, "Etxeberri", "Jamar" and "Jauri"). It has a romanesque font inside the church of "San Andrés Apostle".

     

  • Hiriberri- Villanueva de Aezkoa is important because its gothic altarpiece dedicated to "San Salvador" dated from the 15th century. It also has four hórreos ("Elizondo", "Reka", "Portal" and "Jauki").

     

  • Garaioa It has a gothic church of the 13th century dedicated to the "San Andrés Apostle", it also has a Pyrenean hórreo ("Maisterra").

     

  • Abaurrepea- Abaurrea Baja has the gothic church of "San Martín de Tours", with a stony chorus from the 16th century. It is also very important the renaissance transept that it is located at the entrance of the town.

View from an aeroplane of Abaurregaina-Abaurrea Alta..

  • Abaurrea Alta-Abaurregaina is the highest town of Navarra. It is situated to 1032 metres high and, like its neighbour, has a church dedicated to "San Martín de Tours" with its stony chorus from the 16th century.
     
     In Orbara is located the gothic church of "San Román" from the 13th century. In addition to one of the "hórreos" ("Jabat"), here there is the medieval bridge Zubialdea, in which, as the legend tells, the moon' s reflection in the water was confused with a cheese.

     

  • Orbaizeta is one of the most exceptional towns of the valley, because nearby it is located the Royal Armaments Factory, for which the town ceded a part of the mountain, and which has been recovered recently. The factory, today about to fall down, is a treasure of the 18th century industrial architecture.

Detail of one of the relieves of Santa María de Arce..

Arce Valley

It is located in the south west of the Aezkoa valley, between the rivers Urrobi and Irati, the Arce valley has a treasure of the Navarra' s Romanesque, which has to be visited.

  • Arce. Before we arrive to Zandueta, a small bridge crosses the river between the trees, this stretch has to be done on foot, and we will reach the chapel of "Santa María de Arce". Its structure of rectangular plant and a semicircular front, is covered with a half barrel vault reinforced with arches and it stands out the harmony of its proportions and delicacy of its relief. This is particularly visible in the top that covers the façade, and in the façade itself.

     

Outer image of the chapel "Santa María de Arce".

Are also important the capitals decorated with vegetable forms and scenes about the New Testament. One of the most important things when you visit "Santa María de Arce" is to gaze at all the details included in these capitals.