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Roncesvalles
Roncesvalles
 

13TH CENTURY

RONCESVALLES ON THE TOP


Codex "La Pretiosa".


Since the final years of the 13th century, the Collegiate had been supported by the monarch Sancho VII el Fuerte, which is buried in the "Capilla de San Agustín" with some other nobles from Navarra. This made that each time the Collegiate had more incomes. Also its religious community became more famous between the clergy in Navarra, though this does not mean they did not have to struggle with the Cathedral's chapter. Since around the middle of the 13th century, the priors from Roncesvalles had all the pontificial privileges, they wore a ring, they could use the bishop's staff and the other badges like any other bishop. The prior of the Roncesvalles Chapter turned himself into the first figure of the clergy in Navarra after the bishop and one of the monarch' s advisers.

The conflicts between Roncesvalles and the See in Pamplona, were due to the Collegiate's need to become independent of the Pamplona's chapter. After some disputes and arguments, the Collegiate was successful and at the end of the 13th century was clear that it was set up by a community of regular canons, who followed Saint Agustine's Rule, and they chose a prior for life and managed their goods with plenty of freedom.

The development of Orreaga- Roncesvalles and its wealth reached a point, in which they could create their own system of tax collectors and an administrative organisation chart whose basic unity was the "encomienda". Orreaga- Roncesvalles extended itself even outside its frontiers because of the donations and they acquired some territories in the peninsula. Of all these donations, we can stress two of them, the royal donation of "Villa de Villagra" (León) and the place "Luimil" (Castelolmedo) in Portugal. On the other side of the Pyrenees, the most important properties were: Charing (London), Santa María Mascarella (Bologna) and some other in Tolousse.

 

The economic strength it is demonstrated by the collection of historic buildings of this area. The "Iglesia de Santiago", the stunning building that looks like a hospital (Itzandeguía) and "Iglesia de Santa María" as the heart of the Collegiate. Orreaga- Roncesvalles' wealth was increased with several donations like a silver Gospel and a chest of gold- plated silver. The good economic situation was embodied in the "Códice de la Pretiosa", which has a copy of the documents from that period.

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